Flat Feet

Flat Feet (also known as Pes Planus or Fallen Arches) is a common problem in which the arches of the foot collapse. This causes almost all of the foot to come into contact with the ground when standing or walking.  Flat Feet causes the whole foot to roll inwards (known as Over-Pronation)

This problem not only causes the tendons in the foot to become over stretched and damaged but also puts excess stress on the knees, hips and lower back

 

Flat Feet can also make it harder for our body weight to be evenly distributed. This will result in shoes wearing down un-evenly which can lead to further injury.

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What Causes Flat Feet And Fallen Arches?

Very young children normally have flat feet – this is just how most of us a born. The arches of the feet develop when standing as we get older.

Some people just do not develop the arches in the foot and this stays flat throughout life.

There are several conditions which can cause Flat Feet and this includes:

  • Damage to the bones in the foot and/or ankle
  • Conditions such as Arthritis which affect the bones and soft tissue
  • Torn tendons (especially the Posterior Tibial Tendon)
  • Obesity – the excessive weight placed n the tendons will cause the arch to collapse.
  • Aging – sadly as we get older our tendons can become weaker and cannot support the foot as much.
  • Pregnancy – Flat Feet are very common in pregnancy

Solutions for Flat Feet

Orthotic Insoles - The best solution for this problem is a pair of FootActive orthotic (arch support) insoles.  FootActive insoles support the arch of the foot and stabilise the heel.  This stops the inward rolling and so will also prevent the excessive strain on the knees, hips and lower back.

Stretching exercises can also be hugely beneficial.  Many people with Flat Feet also have shortened Achilles Tendons.  Exercises to stretch this tendon can help.  Please see our stretching videos here.

Flat Feet FAQs

How Do I Know If I Have Flat Feet?

  • Flat feet, also known as fallen arches, is a condition where the feet have no arch present whatsoever. When a sufferer of flat feet stands on a hard surface, their entire foot makes ground contact.

 

What Causes Flat Feet?

  • Flat feet are typically a genetic factor that passes from parent to child. However, flat feet can also be caused by a number of other factors including: Injury to the foot or ankle, suffering from arthritis or rheumatoid arthritis, inflicting damage to the tibial tendon and suffering from some types of nervous system or muscular diseases.

 

Why Does My Child Have Flat Feet?

  • Flat feet are quite common in children. It takes time for arches to form in the feet of children and some take longer than others. If the arch never forms in their feet your child is naturally flat footed. Flat feet in children can either cause discomfort or no issues whatsoever.

 

Can Flat Feet Be Problematic?

  • Flat feet are often associated with over-pronation, a condition where the ankles roll inward. As the ankles roll inward, the biomechanical chain connecting our ankles, knees, hips and lower back is no longer aligned. Causing stress, pain and discomfort to these joints.

 

Can Flat Feet Get Worse Over Time?

  • If untreated, symptoms of flat feet are likely to worsen over time. Most symptoms directly caused by flat feet occur because of added strain to the muscles, joints and ligaments from our feet to our lower back. If nothing is done to alleviate the stress, it will continuously apply to these areas.

 

What Can I Do To Help Flat Feet?

  • FootActive arch support insoles are commonly used to help alleviate symptoms of flat feet. Due to the built-in support, the feet are held in the correct position and the biomechanical chain starts to re-align. This reduces stress and strain on the feet, ankles, knees, hips and lower back.
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