What Is Knee Pain?
Chondromalacia is the most common form of chronic knee pain. It is a general term that refers to pain occurring between the kneecap (patella) and the underlying thigh bone (femur). Chondromalacia of the patella causes pain and tenderness in the front of the knee. The pain is worse when you sit for long periods and get up, or when you climb stairs. Often, people experience a grinding or crunching sensation with this type of knee pain.
What Causes Knee Pain?
There a various causes of knee pain. Usually wear and tear occurs with age and usage. Softening of the cartilage beneath the kneecap (patella) results in small areas of breakdown and pain around the knee. Instead of gliding smoothly over the knee, the kneecap rubs against the thigh bone (femur) when the knee moves. The changes can range from mild to complete erosion of the cartilage. This can be extremely painful and knee pain treatment will vary according to severity, but preventative measures are the best way to combat pain and inflammation.
Another very common cause of knee pain is fallen arches in the feet. The knee forms the link between the upper and lower leg and is a hinge joint, designed to flex and extend the lower leg, not to rotate it! When the foot rolls inwards (over-pronation), the lower leg is forced to rotate, resulting in bad knee function. This will inevitably lead to wear and tear to the knee joint, causing long-term damage and pain.
Of course, one-off injuries can also cause knee pain, but you are more likely to experience the following if you already suffer from long-time knee pain:
- ACL Injury (ligament tear)
- Torn Muscles
- Patellar Tendinitis