If you experience chronic pain, rather than inflammation or irritation after exercise or long periods of excessive activity or inactivity, you should contact a physiotherapist. They will be able to recommend specific knee pain treatment plans.
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Knee pain is amongst the most common complaints in the UK as it affects people at all stages of life. In children, this is often growth pains such as Osgood-Schlatter disease which can last throughout adolescence and teen-age years. This is caused by rapid growth that puts stress on the knee. In adulthood, knee pain is commonly caused by exercise and stress injuries. It is natural to experience more frequent injuries as time goes on, as stress fractures and strains occur over time as a result of impactful activities. As a result, it is important to protect the knee with supports and correct positioning. To reduce the risk of worsening an injury, knee pain treatment should be an ongoing effort rather than simple pain relief.
Chondromalacia is the most common form of chronic knee pain. It is a general term that refers to pain occurring between the kneecap (patella) and the underlying thigh bone (femur). Chondromalacia of the patella causes pain and tenderness in the front of the knee. The pain is worse when you sit for long periods and get up, or when you climb stairs. Often, people experience a grinding or crunching sensation with this type of knee pain.
What Causes Knee Pain?
There a various causes of knee pain. Usually wear and tear occurs with age and usage. Softening of the cartilage beneath the kneecap (patella) results in small areas of breakdown and pain around the knee. Instead of gliding smoothly over the knee, the kneecap rubs against the thigh bone (femur) when the knee moves. The changes can range from mild to complete erosion of the cartilage. This can be extremely painful and knee pain treatment will vary according to severity, but preventative measures are the best way to combat pain and inflammation.
Another very common cause of knee pain is fallen arches in the feet. The knee forms the link between the upper and lower leg and is a hinge joint, designed to flex and extend the lower leg, not to rotate it! When the foot rolls inwards (over-pronation), the lower leg is forced to rotate, resulting in bad knee function. This will inevitably lead to wear and tear to the knee joint, causing long-term damage and pain.
Of course, one-off injuries can also cause knee pain, but you are more likely to experience the following if you already suffer from long-time knee pain:
ACL Injury (ligament tear)
Knee Pain Treatment
Knee pain treatment for stress or long-time concerns is preventative rather than reactive. General health is also an important factor for the success of any knee pain treatment or risks of furthering the injury. Things that can impact your knees, include:
Your Weight – Maintaining a healthy weight can reduce the mass and impact on your knees.
Full Body Work Outs – Knee pain is often caused by other areas in the body, particularly the feet, but also the back, quads and calves. Exercises that condition and strengthen these areas are recommended.
Avoid Impact Sports – If you do suffer from the complaint, the best knee pain treatment is to avoid high-impact sports such as anything that involves jumping.
FootActive orthopaedic soles prevent over-pronation and therefore help restore proper knee function. As a result, one of the major causes of this common type of knee problem has been lifted, thereby reducing or eliminating knee pain.
Simple at-home pain relief can be used to compliment preventative knee pain treatments, including ice and heat rotations. If suffering from a chronic injury, it is imperative you do not depend on over the counter pain relief. Natural alternatives are actually more effective anti-inflammatories than some pain relief medications; First Honey can reduce heat and inflammation in the aggravated area.