Warts are skin growths caused by viruses. They are sometimes painful and, if untreated, may spread. Since over-the-counter preparations rarely cure warts, make sure that you seek professional treatment. A doctor can apply medicines, burn, or freeze the wart off, or remove the wart surgically.
Bunions develop when big toe joints are out of line and become swollen and tender. Bunions may be caused by poorly fitting shoes that press on a deformity or an inherited weakness in the foot. If a bunion is not severe, wearing shoes cut wide at the instep and toes may provide relief. Protective pads can also cushion the painful area, providing relief from your foot pain problems.
Ingrown toenails occur when a piece of the nail breaks the skin. The most common cause of this is improperly trimmed nails. Ingrown toenails are especially common in the large toes. A podiatrist or doctor can remove the part of the nail that is cutting into the skin. This will allow the area to heal. A good foot health tip is to cut toenails straight across and level with the top of the toe to avoid ingrown nails developing.
The shortening of the tendons that control the toe movements causes hammertoe. The toe knuckle is usually enlarged, drawing the toe back. Over time, the joint enlarges and stiffens as it rubs against shoes. Your balance may be affected. It is best avoided by wearing shoes and socks with plenty of room in the toe. In advanced cases, surgery may be needed.
Spurs are calcium growths that develop on bones of the feet. They are caused by muscle strain in the feet and are irritated by standing for long periods of time, wearing badly fitting shoes, or being overweight. Sometimes they are completely painless, but at other times the pain can be severe. Treatments for spurs include using proper foot support, heel pads, heel cups, or other recommendations by a podiatrist or surgeon.
Irregularity in Appearance
Toenail colour, shape and texture can also point to numerous foot health problems such as spoon-shaped toenails (iron deficiency), white nails (psoriasis, diabetes, liver or heart problems), pitted nails (nail growth problem or psoriasis). and clubbed toes (a wide range of causes including lung and digestive disorders amongst others).
If you are concerned about any of these characteristics, or any other foot health matters, let your doctor know.