Bunions Foot Diagram ImageThe Causes Of Bunions And Their Treatment

Bunions are enlargements of the joint at the side of the big toe, typically causing this to bend inwards. A bony lump will form on the outside and over time, this may become larger and ultimately become painful. Without proper support or bunion treatment, arthritis and stiffness can develop and eventually, callouses and corns may develop.

This process typically happens slowly, with the normal structure of the bones changing and resulting in the visible bump. As the deformity increases, it can make shoes more and more painful to wear and walking may become uncomfortable.


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What Causes Bunions?

Bunions can be hereditary but are also typically a result of faulty foot mechanics. This is typically due to excess pronation, which causes the metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP) to become enlarged and inflamed. As the joint gets more and more enlarged, this will begin to angle the big toe towards the next and form a lump on the side of the foot.

Beyond excess pronation, bunions can also be caused by wearing footwear that is too tight or ill-fitting, whereby the toes are squeezed together. In some cases, this may just be a contributing factor or can be the main cause dependant on the individual case.

In some cases, bunions may also be caused by inflammatory conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis or other neuromuscular conditions, such as polio. Symptoms often include pain and tenderness, redness, hardened skin on the bottom of the foot, a callous or corn on the bump and restricted motion in the big toe.

Bunions Treatment

While surgical bunion treatments are available, those seeking relief from the pain and discomfort of bunions can utilise a number of non-surgical alternatives, including insoles, changes in footwear, padding and more. This can also depend on the footwear you typically wear and the bunion treatment you are comfortable with. 

Treatment Of Bunions (In Women’s Fashion Shoes)

Bunion’s caused by women’s fashion shoes or made worse by the pressure caused resulting from this kind of footwear, can be relieved and supported using FootActive’s Catwalk orthotic insoles. They can help to prevent the further formation of bunions by restoring normal foot function and by controlling excess pronation, will also help to reduce the pressure when walking.

The metatarsal support will help reduce pressure and friction, placed on the big toe joint, in turn providing relief from bunion pain. If you are still suffering from bunion pain despite the support of Bunion treatment insoles, consider wearing flatter, looser-fitting shoes.

Treatment Of Bunions (Normal, Flat Shoes)

Bunions are not just limited to women wearing high heels. They can also develop in men (wearing normal flat footwear) and in those with hereditary or inflammatory diseases. To ease bunions and help prevent further development, wearing FootActive Comfort orthopaedic insoles can greatly assist with support and reduce the overall pressure of pronation as an effective bunion treatment.

Furthermore, make sure that your shoes have a roomy toe box when you’re going to be on your feet a lot. If you have any pressure from your shoe on the bunion, or if your bunion is red and inflamed on the outside, then you should have a pocket stretched into your shoe to accommodate.

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